Art and Philosophy

Art and Philosophy

The nature of illusions: A new synthesis based on verifiability. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16, 2022. PDF

Cartography as spatial representation: A new assessment of the competing advantages and drawbacks across fields of science. Journal of Perceptual Imaging, 2021, 1561-15610. PDF

A live experience of four-dimensional structure. Perception, 50(2): 165-169, 2021. PDF

Did Tim paint a Vermeer? Electronic Imaging, 2021, 60403–1, 2021 (with DG Stork and SJ Schechner). PDF

The interstitial pathways as the substrate of consciousness: A new synthesis. Entropy, 23, 1443, 2021. PDF

Ten testable properties of consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1144, 2020. PDF

The intersection of visual science and art in Renaissance Italy. Perception, 49(12), 1265-1282.  PDF

The chthonic roots of Leonardo da Vinci’s youthful iconography. Incontri.  9(2), 46-62, 2020. PDF

The fundamental nature of time. Journal for Research in Philosophy and History, 3:(1), 2020. PDF

Portraits of his Daughters, by Thomas Gainsborough. Tyler, C.W. Diatrope Press, 2020. PDF

Illustrated Life of Leonardo da Vinci, by Giorgio Vasari. Tyler, C.W. (Ed.) Diatrope Press, 2019.

The expanding universe illusion. iPerception, 10 (3) (with D. Phillips, D. Heard). PDF

Points of contact between the Stappian philosophy and Emergent Aspect Dualism. Activitas Nervosa Superior 61:6–11, 2019.  PDF

The Emergent Aspect Dualism view of Quantum Physics: A new ontology to resolve the complementarity conundrum. Journal of Research in Philosophy and History 1(2), 166-182, 2018. PDF

Evidence that Leonardo da Vinci had strabismus. Journal of the American Medical Association, Ophthalmology, 36(11), 1209-13, 2018. PDF

Absolute distance from perspective. Perception 47(6) 581–584, 2018. PDF

Leonardo da Vinci’s world map: On the neglected scope of his global cartographic projections. Cosmos and History: Journal of the International Map Collector’s Society. 149, 21-31, 2017. PDF

Leonardo da Vinci’s world map. Cosmos and History: The Journal of the National Society of Philosophy, 13, 2, 2017. PDF

The Emergent Dualism view of quantum physics and consciousness. Cosmos and History 11, 97-114, 2015. PDF

Gombrich’s Vault of Perception: Do we “really” see straight lines as curved? Art and Perception, 3(1), 117-137, 2014. PDF

Application of face encoding to art investigations. Proc. 4th European Workshop on Visual Information Processing (EUVIP) 4, 226-231, 2013. Abstract

Null Object: Prolegomena. In NULL OBJECT: Gustav Metzger Thinks about Nothing (Gilchrist B, Joelson J, Eds) Black Dog Publishing: London, 2012.

Chinese perspective as a rational system: relationship to Panofsky’s symbolic form. Chin J Psychol 53, 7-27, 2012. PDF

Did early Renaissance painters trace optically projected images? The conclusion of independent scientists, art historians and artists. In Digital Imaging for Cultural Heritage Preservation, edited by Filippo Stanco, Sebastiano Battiato, Giovanni Gallo, 253––274, CRC Press, 2011 (with David G. Stork, Jacob Collins, Marco Duarte, Yasuo Furuichi, David Kale, Ashutosh Kulkarni, M. Dirk Robinson, Sara Schechner and Nicolas Williams).

How did Leonardo perceive himself? Metric iconography of da Vinci’s self-portraits. Proc SPIE 7527, 1D, 2010.

Darkness and depth in early Renaissance painting. Proc SPIE 7527, 0V, 2010. PDF

Eye-centring in portraits: Reply to McManus & Thomas. Perception 36, 183–188, 2007. PDF

Some principles of spatial organization in art. Spatial Vision 20, 509–530, 2007. PDF

Traversing the highwire from Pop to Optical (review of Lichtenstein exhibit). PLoS Biol 3, e136 PDF, 2006.

A horopter for two-point perspective. Proc SPIE, 5006, 306-315, 2005. PDF

Rosetta Stone?: Hockney, Falco and the sources of ‘opticality’ in Lorenzo Lotto’s Husband and Wife. Leonardo 37, 2004. PDF

What makes Mona Lisa smile? Vision Research 44,1493-8, 2004 (with L.L. Kontsevich). PDF

Where art, optics and vision intersect. Perception, 31, 1285-1288, 2002. PDF

The representation of space in 20th century art. Proc SPIE, 3966, 565-577, 2001. (with A. Ione). PDF

Perspective as a geometric tool that launched the Renaissance. Proc SPIE 3959, 492- 497, 2000. PDF

The Renaissance search for vivid depth representations. Proc Jampolsky Festschrift, SKERI Press: San Francisco, 171-176, 2000.

Perspectives: neuroscience. Is art lawful? Science. 285, 673-4,1999. PDF

Painters centre one eye in portraits. Nature, 392, 877-878, 1998. PDF

Eye placement principles in portraits and figure studies of the past two millennia. Proc SPIE, 3299, 431-437, 1998. PDF

The Cartesian Broadway. Perception 27, 253-6, 1998.  PDF

Perspective. Entry in Oxford Companion to the Mind Ed. R.L. Gregory, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.

The autostereogram. Proc. S.P.I.E. 1256, 182-197, 1990 (with M.B. Clarke). PDF

Image and Reflection. Review of Eye and Brain (3rd Ed.) by R.L. Gregory. Contemporary Psychology 25, 50-52, 1980.

Computer art. Creative Computing, 88-91, 1976.


Symmetry: modeling the effects of masking noise, axial cueing and salience. PLoS One 5(4):e9840, 2010 (with C.C. Chen). PDF

Face configuration processing in the human brain: the role of symmetry. Cereb Cortex 17:1423-32, 2007 (with CC Chen, KL Kao). PDF

Instantaneous stimulus paradigm: Cortical network and dynamics of figure-ground organization. Human Vision and Electronic Imaging, 6492, 2007 (with LT Likova). PDF

Spatial summation of face information. J Vis. 6:1117-25, 2006 (with CC Chen). PDF

Predominantly extra-retinotopic cortical response to pattern symmetry. Neuroimage. 24:306- 14, 2005 (with HA Baseler, LL Kontsevich, LT Likova, AR Wade, BA Wandell). PDF

Symmetry activates extrastriate visual cortex in human and nonhuman primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102:3159-63, 2005 (with Y Sasaki, W Vanduffel, T Knutsen, RH Tootell). PDF

Human symmetry detection exhibits reverse eccentricity scaling. Visual Neuroscience. 16:919-22, 1999. PDF

The structure of perceptual coding. In, Computational and Biological Mechanisms of Visual Coding. Jenkin M., Harris L. (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. 131-156, 1997.

Human symmetry perception. In, Human Symmetry Perception and Its Computational Analysis. Tyler CW. (Ed.), VSP: Utrecht, The Netherlands, 3-24, 1996.

Mirror symmetry detection predominance of second-order pattern processing throughout the visual field. In, Human Symmetry Perception and Its Computational Analysis. Tyler CW. (Ed.), VSP: Utrecht, The Netherlands, 157-172, 1996 (with L. Hardage). PDF

Empirical aspects of symmetry perception. Spatial Vision 9, 1-11, 1995. PDF

Multiple mechanisms for the detection of mirror symmetry. Spatial Vision 9, 79-100, 1995 (with L. Hardage, R.T. Miller). PDF

Theoretical issues in symmetry perception. Spatial Vision 8, 383-391, 1994. PDF


Theory of texture discrimination based on higher-order perturbation in individual texture samples. Vision Res. 2179-2186, 2004. PDF

Beyond fourth-order texture discrimination: generation of extreme-order and statistically- balanced textures. Vision Res. 2187-2199, 2004. PDF

Modular organization of adaptive colouration in flounder and cuttlefish revealed b y independent component analysis. Network 14, 321-33, 2003 (with Anderson J.C., Baddeley R.J., Osorio D., Shashar N., Ramachandran V.S., Crook A.C . & Hanlon R.T.).  PDF

Occlusions may explain why natural-image spectra fall with frequency squared. Vision Res. 41:955- 964, 2001 (with R. Balboa & N. Grzywacz). PDF

Rapid adaptive camouflage in tropical flounders. Nature 379, 815-817, 1996 (with V.S. Ramachandran, R.L. Gregory, D. Rogers-Ramachandran, S. Duensing, C. Pillsbury, C. Ramachandran). PDF

Induced twinkle aftereffect as a probe of visual processing mechanisms. Vision Res. 35, 757- 766, 1995 (with L. Hardage). PDF

Pattern identification by trajectory analysis in autocorrelation hyperspace. Proc. World Cong. Neural Networks III, 312-316, 1994 (with R.T. Miller). PDF

Visual echoes: The perception of repetition in quasi-random patterns. Vision Res. 17, 109-116, 1977 (with J.J. Chang). PDF

Visual processing of repetitive images. Proc. S.P.I.E. 74, 216-222, 1976 (with J.J. Chang).